Physics

Difference Between Density and Volume

The difference between Density and Volume, energy, and work is in the characteristics and capacities that they provide to the bodies, substances, or matters. These concepts are associated with physics and chemistry. Both volume and density are scientific concepts that refer to the physical properties and characteristics of matter. These terms often describe the qualities or properties of a given object. Both concepts are usually found in the field of physics and both act as measurement tools for three-dimensional objects. But these terms can be applied during three stages or states of matter, which are; solid, liquid, and gaseous. The volume is a scalar quantity expressing the three dimensions of a body: length, width and height. The density is the scalar quantity indicating the quantity of mass per unit volume of a substance.

Key differences – volume Vs. density

  • The higher the density, the smaller the volume; while the higher the volume, the lower the density.
  • Density is represented by the letter “D” and volume by “V”.
  • Density is the amount of mass found in a certain volume of a substance, while volume refers to the space that the material body occupies.
  • The term “mass” is used to refer to the amount of a substance contained in an object. Density hints at the proximity of atoms in a substance, that is, how closely the atoms are packed.
  • Mass is a measure of the amount of inertia. Conversely, density is the degree of compactness.
  • The mass of an object is an external property that depends on the substance present in the substance. In contrast, the density of an object implies an intrinsic property of an object that is not based on the amount of substance present in the sample.
  • Mass represents the amount of a substance present in an object. In contrast, density indicates the mass present per unit volume.
  • The unit of measure for mass is kilogram, while the standard unit of measure for density according to the international standard is kilogram per cubic meter.

Difference Between Density and Volume in Tabular Form

What is Density?

It is a property of matter in any of its states that indicates the amount of mass found in each unit of volume . The more mass is concentrated in a certain amount of volume, the greater the density.Because it is a derived quantity, it is obtained by dividing the amount of mass by the volume.Density is what makes an object heavier or lighter.For example: lead is denser than cork, regardless of size or mass.

Density is defined as mass per unit volume. In short, the concept refers to the amount of matter or mass that an object possesses within the space it occupies. It also describes the relationship between the mass of an object and its volume.

Density is symbolized by the letter “D” and is a scalar magnitude of matter. The formula is D = M / V, or density equals mass divided by volume. This formula only applies to objects with uniform compositions or solid objects. But from this same formula, with some adjustments, the formula for mass and volume can be derived. In experiments, mass is often determined before volume.

Density is measured in the following units: pounds per cubic foot, grams per cubic centimeter, and kilograms per cubic centimeter.
Different substances have different densities, due to this fact; This property of matter can be used to determine whether a certain sample or substance is authentic or not. Density can change or vary when temperature or pressure is applied.

What is Volume?

It is a scalar quantity that measures the space that a body occupies .The volume is obtained by multiplying the lengths of the three dimensions of the space: length or height, width and depth. Due to the three-dimensional space we live in, volume is measured in cubic meter (m³).In addition to centimeters or cubic meters, volume is also measured using the liter, which takes into account the capacity of the container where the substance is located. Thus, an object can have a very large mass with a large or small volume, it is indifferent.For example: the volume of a sponge can vary depending on whether it is compressed or not.

Volume, on the other hand, is a component of density. As a property, volume refers to the amount of space that a particular object occupies. It is represented by the letter »V». In the search for density, volume is one of two key components along with mass.

In a three-dimensional object, the volume of the shape can be determined by multiplying the dimensions, which are part of the object’s length, width, and height. Some specific shapes, such as cube, cylinder, prism, rectangular prism, pyramid, cone, circle and others; They have specific formulas to determine their volume.

For liquids and gases, the substances in the sample are put into a container and their volume is calculated. This is expressed in units and subunits as cubic meters for solid substances and cubic liters for liquids and gases.

Density and volume are inversely related to each other. If the density increases, the effect will be a decrease in volume. In contrast, if the volume increases, the density decreases.

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