Difference Between Metallic and Non-metallic Minerals

The Key Difference Between Metallic and Non-metallic Minerals is that metallic minerals are those that can be melted at high temperatures and then can be forged into different types of metals. On the other hand, non-metallic minerals are common minerals that are not as reactive as metallic minerals.

What are Metallic Minerals?

A metallic mineral is a mineral that has a metallic luster. If a mineral has a high luster and is metallic overall, then it is considered to be a metallic mineral. There are many different metallic minerals and they are known to be amongst the most beautiful of all minerals. They also display different colors which makes them more intriguing.

Properties of Metallic Minerals

  • Good conductor of heat and electricity.
  • Easily lose electrons.
  • Solid at room temperature.
  • Contains metal parts.
  • They are easily promoted and molded into sheets and threads.
  • It has a glossy metal surface.

What Are Non-Metallic Minerals?

Non-Metallic Minerals are those which are not metallic in nature due to the presence of a non-metallic element.
A mineral is a naturally occurring substance that has a crystal structure. Metals are not minerals. Non-Metallic minerals are solid. A mineral can be a solid, liquid, or gas under normal conditions.
Non-Metallic Minerals are those which are not metallic in nature due to the presence of a non-metallic element. Metallic Minerals are those which are metallic in nature.

Properties of Non-Metallic Minerals

  • There are no metal parts.
  • Strong and fragile in nature.
  • Low melting point and boiling point
  • Low heat and electrical conductivity.
  • Find the electron easily
  • Opaque, but can be bright colors
  • Find the electron easily

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Major Differences Metallic and Non-metallic Minerals

The difference between metallic and non-metallic minerals can be clearly inferred for the following reasons:

  1. Metal minerals can be understood as minerals in which the metal exists in its original form. On the contrary, non-metal minerals are non-metal minerals.
  2. Igneous and metamorphic rocks contain metallic minerals. In contrast, non-metal minerals are found in sedimentary rocks and young folds.
  3. Smelting metallic minerals yield new products, and non-metal minerals do not receive new products during smelting.
  4. Metal minerals, like copper, are good at conducting heat and electricity. It is different from non-metal minerals such as mica, which insulate heat and electricity.
  5. Metal ore does not break even when hit with a hammer at all times, and can twist thin wires. In contrast, non-metal minerals are usually broken into small pieces with a hammer and cannot be pulled onto wires or sheets.
  6. Glossy metallic minerals, that is, are non-metallic minerals that have their own luster but are dull.
  7. When applied, metallic minerals create new products, as opposed to non-metallic materials, which remain the same without forming new products.
  8. Metal ore can easily be made into sheets and stretched into small pieces of wire. Non-metal materials, on the other hand, cannot be pulled into wire sheets or strips.
  9. The levels of malleability and ductility are high for metallic minerals and almost zero for non-metallic minerals.
  10. Non-metal minerals are found primarily in sedimentary rocks, and metallic minerals are found primarily in igneous and metamorphic rocks.
  11. Metallic minerals have 1 to 3 electrons, while non-metal minerals are the outermost shell of the energy level and range from 4 to 8 electrons.
  12. Metal minerals are excellent non-reducing agents because they easily emit electrons. Non-metal minerals, on the other hand, are oxidants because they tend to receive more electrons.
  13. The natural state of metallic minerals is mostly solid, while non-metallic minerals are solids, liquids, or gases at room temperature.
  14. Unlike non-metal minerals, which are hard to corrode, metallic minerals are easy to corrode (oxidize).


Minerals are a national natural resource and have a variety of uses. It is a finite and non-renewable resource as it takes 100 years to form and concentrate minerals. Therefore, the preservation that is possible thanks to the recycling of metals is important.

Minerals have many different uses, both metallic and non-metal, due to their various physical and chemical properties, primarily as explained above. Both are essential to our daily lives, depending on how we use them.

All minerals are essential to us, depending on their availability and usage. The chemical and physical properties they exhibit determine their use and demand.

It is advisable to limit what you buy or sell, as the types of reactions that occur when you add different chemicals to a metal are different. This is done to limit the chances of these minerals getting into the hands of malicious people.


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