Difference Between Sodium Carbonate And Sodium Bicarbonate

The Key Difference Between Sodium Carbonate And Sodium Bicarbonate is that Both Sodium carbonate and Sodium Bicarbonate are forms of Sodium and the basic chemical formula of both the salts is the same, Na2CO3 (sodium bicarbonate) and Na2CO3 (sodium carbonate). Both of them are also white in color and can be used for similar purposes such as cleaning.
The differences between the two compounds may not be obvious to a layman but there are differences between the two compounds.

What is Sodium Carbonate?

Sodium Carbonate is a chemical compound that is mainly used in the production of glass, soap, detergents, and in water treatment. It is one of the cheapest and most readily available chemicals in the world.
Sodium Carbonate is a chemical compound that is also known as Soda Ash, Na 2 CO 3, and Carbone Mineral. It is one of the most easily produced chemicals with enormous industrial applications. It is derived from water, salt, and limestone according to the following reaction.


  • Soda ash is a strong base and helps neutralize the effects of chlorine in the pool. It is also important as a lie when making rolls of clothes.
  • When cooking, use soda ash to alter the surface pH of foods so they brown.
  • In biological studies, sodium carbonate can be added to boiling water to wash the skull and body bones and remove meat from the bones.
  • Sodium carbonate is a very good conductor and is important as a chemical electrolyte as it supports the electrolysis process.
  • Sodium carbonate is also widely used in the acid-base titration.
  • As mentioned above, it is used as a water softener in the home. Hard water contains magnesium and calcium ions, which are added to the detergent to prevent bubbling.
  • Soda ash absorbs these ions, softens water, and is excellent for washing clothes.
  • It is also called soda because it can remove dirt, oil, and grease from clothingSodium carbonate is useful as an acidity regulator and food additive in the large food industry.
  • It acts as a wetting agent in the brick industry and as an adhesive in the molding industry.
  • It is convenient for it to act as a toothpaste-like curing agent. It is also used to clean cutlery.

What is Sodium BiCarbonate?

Sodium bicarbonate, or as it is commonly referred to, sodium bicarbonate, is a chemical compound that is made up of one sodium ion and two carbonate ions. Though sodium bicarbonate is commonly referred to as a salt, it is not. It is an alkaline compound. An alkaline compound is any compound that has a pH higher than 7.


  • The main use of baking soda is in baking as a leavening agent.
  • It reacts with other substances to release CO2, which facilitates the preparation of the dough. That’s why we call it baking soda.
  • In fact, when adding acid reagents, baking soda can be used instead of baking powder.
  • Previously, baking soda was used in cooking to sweeten vegetables, but now it is no longer used because it destroys many vitamins and acids that are beneficial to us.
  • Baking soda is an excellent exfoliating agent and is very important for cleaning.
  • It is commonly used in soaps and mouthwashes. Thus, it neutralizes the formation of acid in the mouth and prevents tooth decay and gum disease.

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Main Difference Between Sodium Carbonate and Sodium Bicarbonate

Sodium carbonate is the sodium salt of carbonic acid, but sodium bicarbonate (or sodium bicarbonate) is another sodium salt.

Sodium carbonate contains sodium, carbon, and oxygen atoms, and sodium bicarbonate contains sodium, carbon, and oxygen atoms, as well as hydrogen atoms. This is the main difference between sodium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate.

The chemical formula of sodium carbonate is Na2CO3 and the molar mass is 105.98 g/mol. On the other hand, NaHCO3 is the chemical formula of sodium bicarbonate and the molar mass is 84 g/mol.

The difference between soda ash and baking soda can also be highlighted depending on the usage. Applications include the use of soda ash as a softener for washing water, when dyeing with fiber reactive dyes, for the production of glass, paper, rayon, soap, and detergents.

Uses of baking soda include leavening agents for baking, baking powder production, pest control agents, and alkaline soils.


Sodium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate are compounds that have a similar base, sodium. Both substances come in the form of white or silver powders and have many uses. Both compounds are alkaline (or basic) and are classified as ionic compounds.
Soda ash is commonly known as ash or washing soda. The chemical formula is Na2CO3. Sodium bicarbonate, on the other hand, is represented by the formula NaHCO3 and is called sodium bicarbonate in amateur terms.
The chemical composition of the two compounds is somewhat similar. Sodium carbonate is made up of sodium and acid. The same goes for baking soda, but with the addition of hydrogen.
The properties and strengths of the two compounds are also different. Sodium carbonate is a more potent basic compound and is bipolar. After reacting with acid, it can be transformed into sodium bicarbonate. Sodium bicarbonate, on the other hand, has a monobasic and weak base.
Both compounds are widely used and applied. Sodium carbonate is mainly used in the production and neutralization of acid solutions in various fields. He also performs as an excellent conductor.
Baking soda, on the other hand, is primarily used as a cleaning/exfoliating agent, odor neutralizer, and temporary fire extinguisher. It is widely used in the culinary world, primarily as a leavening agent in many baked goods recipes.
Sodium bicarbonate is an important substance in the body. Although sodium carbonate is used in bodily processes and reactions, it regulates and neutralizes high levels of acidity in the blood.

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