Difference between absolute magnitude and apparent magnitude

The main difference between Absolute Magnitude and Apparent Magnitude is that Absolute Magnitude is the estimate of the star’s brightness from 10 parsecs or 32.58 light-years away, while Apparent Magnitude is the estimate of the star’s brightness from the distance from Earth and what a star.

Key differences

  • The absolute magnitudes of known stars are Sirius 1.45, Arcturus -0.31, Vega 0.58, Spica -3.55, Barnard’s Star 24 and Proxima Centauri 15.45; on the other hand, the apparent magnitude of these stars is Vega 0.03, Sirius -1.44, Arcturus -0.05, Vega 0.03, Spica 0.98, Barnard’s Star 9.54 and Proxima Centauri 11.01.
  • The symbol used to represent absolute magnitude is Mv; on the opposite side, the symbol used to represent apparent magnitude is mv.
  • The nature of absolute magnitude is the intrinsic luminosity of a star; on the other hand, the nature of apparent magnitude is the star’s energy flow.
  • The natural brightness of the star is mainly associated with absolute magnitude; on the other hand, the density of the flux state of the star is associated with the apparent magnitude.
  • According to the Hipparchian scale, the sun has 4.83 absolute magnitudes; on the other hand, the sun has -26, the moon is -11 and Venus has an apparent magnitude of -3.
  • In absolute magnitude, the brightness of a star is measured from a standard distant point; on the opposite side, in apparent magnitude, the brightness of a star is measured from the distance of any point.
  • The absolute magnitude is the measure of the brightness of the stars from 10 parsecs or 32.58 light years; on the other hand, the apparent magnitude is the measure of the brightness of the star from the distance of the Earth to that star.
  • According to the magnitude-distance formula where d = unit in parsecs, absolute magnitude = Mv; on the opposite side, apparent magnitude = mv.

Difference between absolute magnitude and apparent magnitude – Comparative chart

absolute magnitudeapparent magnitude
DefinitionIt is the estimate of the star’s brightness from 10 parsecs or 32.58 light-years away.It is the estimate of the star’s brightness from the distance of the earth and that star.
Nature of MagnitudeThe intrinsic luminosity of a starThe energy flow of a star
DistanceObserved from 10 parsecs (2.58 light-years)Observed from a distance from the earth
MeasurementThe brightness of a star is measured from a standard distance.The brightness of a star is measured from the distance of any point.
SymbolMvmv
Solar magnitude4.8-26.93

Absolute magnitude vs apparent magnitude

The estimate of the luminance of a star, which can be stated as the star’s brightness level, when viewed from a distance of 10 parsecs (2.58 light years) is known as absolute magnitude; on the other hand, estimating the luminosity of a star from a distance from the earth, when viewed, is known as apparent magnitude.

The inherent brightness of the star that is naturally incorporated is associated with absolute magnitude; on the other hand, the state of flux density (energy) through the star is associated with the apparent magnitude.

The measure of the absolute magnitude of an astronomical body is ten parsecs (32.58 light years) in the absence of any possible cause that could restrict the brightness. On the other side of the coin, measuring the apparent magnitude of an astronomical body (star) does not imply interpreting the distance of a star from the earth. Still, it can be seen simply from any point, either with a telescope or with the naked eye.

The calculation for the estimation of the absolute magnitude of a star is carried out by means of the known value of the distance; on the other hand, the apparent magnitude is measured by the distance of the star from any point.

In this magnitude-distance formula, where distance = d in parsecs, absolute magnitude = Mv, (mv-Mv) = module of distance from the star; on the opposite side, apparent magnitude = mv. The equation is mv – Mv = – 5 + 5 log10 (d). So the absolute magnitude symbol is ‘Mv’; on the other hand, the apparent magnitude symbol is ‘mv’.

What is the absolute magnitude?

The absolute magnitude in physical terms is a measure of the luminosity of the star, which here refers to the brightness of the star when observed at a distance of 10 parsecs or a light-year value of 32.58. The measure of the absolute magnitude of an astronomical body is ten parsecs (32.58 light years) in the absence of any possible cause that could limit the illumination. The absolute magnitudes of the bright stars are Sirius 1.45, Arcturus -0.31, Vega 0.58, Spica -3.55, Barnard’s Star 13.24, and Proxima Centauri 15.45.

The equation is mv – Mv = – 5 + 5 log10 (d). So the symbol for the absolute magnitude representation is ‘Mv’. The nature of absolute magnitude is the intrinsic luminosity of a star. According to the Hipparchian scale, the absolute magnitude of the sun is 4.83. The calculation for the measurement of the absolute magnitude of the brightness of a star is carried out using the standard value of the distance. The intrinsic brightness of the star that is naturally integral is related to the absolute magnitude. It means that the absolute magnitude is the natural brightness of the star.

According to the magnitude-distance formula, where distance = d in parsec units, the absolute magnitude is equal to Mv, (mv-Mv), which is equal to the distance module of the star. The measurement of the star’s brightness, which can be short as the star’s brightness level, when measured from a distance of 10 parsecs (2.58 light years), is called absolute magnitude. This measurement of the brightness of a star can be achieved with the help of the telescope, and the naked eye cannot measure this natural luminosity.

What is the apparent magnitude?

The apparent magnitude in terms of physics is a measure of the brightness of the star that is the star. Luminosity is when you measure the distance from eath to that bright star. The apparent magnitude of these stars is Vega 0.03, Sirius -1.44, Arcturus -0.05, Vega 0.03, Spica 0.98, Barnard’s Star 9.54, and Proxima Centauri 11.01. The equation is mv – Mv = – 5 + 5 log10 (d). So the symbol for the apparent magnitude representation is ‘mv’.

According to the magnitude-distance formula, the apparent magnitude equals mv. The state of flux density (energy) of the star is related to the apparent magnitude. The measure of a star’s luminosity from the distance from Earth to that measured star, when viewed, is called apparent magnitude. The calculation of the apparent magnitude of an astronomical body (star) does not include the elucidation of the distance of a star from the earth. Still, it can be easily measured from any point with the help of a telescope or with the naked eye.

However, an apparent magnitude can be measured by the distance of the star from any point. The main point of discussion of apparent magnitude may be related to the brightness of a star. This apparent magnitude is not the intrinsic property of a star, but it can be measured in relation to the distance from Earth with the help of the telescope.

Conclution

The above discussion concludes that the nature of the absolute magnitude is the natural brightness of the star; on the other hand, the nature of the apparent magnitude is the density of the star’s flux state.

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